The History of Hair Color
Who knew there was so much history behind the simple task of dyeing hair? With 92% of women having colored their hair there are some crazy statistics that go along with it and here are some of our favorite fun facts:
3400 B.C.: The dyeing of hair is an ancient art. In ancient times, the dyes were obtained from plants. Egyptians began using henna to camouflage their gray hairs. Others include katam, indigo, Cassia obovata, senna, turmeric, amla, black walnut hulls, red ochre and leeks.
100 A. D.: Century in which Roman doctor Galen described a recipe for black dye. Scientists re-created the formula in 2006 and found it actually works.1500: Queen Elizabeth I redefines the conventional elegance in the Western World with her red hair and fair skin. Women all over the world wear red wigs to try and replicate the Queen of England.1661: Eighteen Books of the Secrets of Art & Nature, various methods of coloring hair black, gold, green, red, yellow, and white are explained.1860: Approximate year hydrogen peroxide was first used as hair bleach, kicking off decades of broken strands and burned scalps. The development of synthetic dyes for hair is traced to the 1863 discovery of the reactivity of PPD with air by Chemist Dr. August Wilhelm von Hofmann.1907: Year the first synthetic hair dye (blonde) was invented by Eugene Schueller using PPD in Paris.1930s: The Clariol Company is established and Immediate Clairol Oil Shampoo Tint soon changes the look of people in America.
1931: Year “platinum blonde” was coined to describe Jean Harlow, star of the movie … wait for it … PLATINUM BLONDE.
1953: Debut of Marilyn Monroe’s hit, Gentlemen Prefer Blondes. Its 1955 sequel, Gentlemen Marry Brunettes, was a bomb.
1966: “Does He or Doesn’t He?” Ad campaign goes viral and Hair Color companies start targeting men with “Just for Men” Hair Dyes. 1968: The last year Americans were asked to list hair color on their passports. (People were dyeing their hair so often, the information was worthless.)1980s: Every color you can imagine now available! Demi-permanents closely resemble permanent products, but levels of active ingredients are decreased. This prevents noticeable bleaching and slows down the penetration into the hair so that color is only formed in the outer part of the fiber.2014: With over 75% of American women dyeing their hair, hair coloring is now a multibillion dollar industry that involves the use of both plant-derived and synthetic dyes. Save money by touching up roots in between salon visits with ROOTSTIX!
11,000 years ago: Scientists believe the genetic mutation for blond hair appeared.
# 1: Rank of black among most common hair colors.
1–2%: World population with naturally red hair.
# 1: Rank of blond among best-selling hair colors.
9%: American women who are natural blondes.
92%: Women who have ever colored their hair.
4,000: Number of people attending last year’s Roodharigendag (Redhead Day), an annual Dutch festival.
20: Number of minutes you must simmer crushed marigold flowers to make a rinse that adds reddish-gold highlights to hair, according to herbalists.
Information obtained from Regis Salons.